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Title: Operation Kosi Prahar. Vol I (Seminar I, Technical Session II).
Authors: Shrivastava, R
Keywords: Operation Kosi Prahar.
Bihar flood.
Rescue and relief.
Lessons learnt.
Issue Date: 18-Apr-2009
Citation: R Shrivastava, "Operation Kosi Prahar", Vol I (Seminar I, Technical Session II), 18 April 2009.
Abstract: Operation Kosi Prahar was conducted during 27th Aug to 23rd Sept of 2008 to provide rescue and relief to the people of Madhepura region of Bihar which experienced deadly floods. The Relief team comprised of Engineers, Signals, EMEs and medical Professionals. Major equipment used in this operation was boats, OBMs, water pumps, generators, motorola set etc. Initial tasks were rescue and evacuation of people to safety, provide food and water. Subsequently, shelter provision,medical evacuation and medical aid become part of the operation. Various NGOs, UN teams and State administration worked closely with the army team in these operations. The operation taught that consideration is required to issues like aerial recce for column commanders, charting of navigable channels, boats with head cover, high speed OBMs, water treatment equipment etc. In future attention should be provided towards construction of lines of communication on elevated ground based on high flood level data and balancing culvert/ cross drainage. Construction of multi- utility buildings with elevated pathways/ entrances is recommended where the ground floors to be used for parking, halls/ storage areas to act as relief camps and roof tops to land light helicopters. Remote sensing data and GIS package can be of effective use for drawing of drainage maps, location of high ground, alignment of navigable channels, locating worst effected area and drainage path.
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