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|Title: ||Global regression relations for conversion of surface wave and body wave magnitudes to moment magnitude|
|Authors: ||Das, Ranjit|
|Keywords: ||Moment Magnitude|
Global Regression Relations
|Issue Date: ||2011 |
|Publisher: ||Natural Hazards, SpringerLink|
|Citation: ||Ranjit Das, H.R.Wason and M.L.Sharma, Global regression relations for conversion of surface wave and body wave magnitudes to moment magnitude , Natural Hazards (2011) 59: 801-810|
|Abstract: ||A homogenous earthquake catalog is a basic input for seismic hazard estimation, and other seismicity studies. The
preparation of a homogenous earthquake catalog for a seismic region needs regressed relations for conversion of different
magnitudes types, e.g. mb, Ms, to the unified moment magnitude Mw. In case of small data sets for any seismic region, it is
not possible to have reliable region specific conversion relations and alternatively appropriate global regression relations for
the required magnitude ranges and focal depths can be utilized.
In this study, we collected global events magnitude data from ISC, NEIC and GCMT databases for the period
1976 to May, 2007. Data for mb magnitudes for 3,48,423 events for ISC and 2,38,525 events for NEIC, Ms magnitudes for
81,974 events from ISC and 16,019 events for NEIC along with 27,229 Mw events data from GCMT has been considered.
An epicentral plot for Mw events considered in this study is shown in Fig 1. Ms determinations by ISC and NEIC, have been
verified to be equivalent(Fig 2). Orthogonal Standard Regression(OSR) relations have been obtained between Ms and Mw
for focal depths( h < 70 km) in the magnitude ranges 3.0 ≤ Ms ≤ 6.1 and 6.2 ≤ Ms ≤ 8.4, and for focal depths 70 km ≤ h ≤
643 km in the magnitude range 3.3 ≤Ms ≤ 7.2. Standard and Inverted Standard Regression plots are also shown along with
OSR (Fig 3) to ascertain the validation of orthogonal regression for Ms magnitudes. The OSR relations have smaller
uncertainty compared to SR and ISR relations for Ms conversions.
ISR relations between mb and Mw have been obtained for magnitude ranges 2.9 ≤ mb ≤ 6.5, for ISC events and 3.8
≤ mb ≤ 6.5 for NEIC events. The regression relations derived in this study based on global data are useful empirical
relations to develop homogenous earthquake catalogs in the absence of regional regression relations, as the events catalog
for most seismic regions are heterogeneous in magnitude types.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Papers EQD|
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